No, a birth certificate is a permanent record of your identity, so it does not expire.
However, if your birth certificate is lost, stolen, destroyed, or damaged, you should apply for a replacement copy as soon as possible, as it is important to have one available. In addition, if your birth certificate contains incorrect information, you can file for an amendment to have it corrected. Some states also allow you to update the name or gender on your birth certificate. However, the laws and processes vary by state, so you should check the requirements and regulations for your location.